Antacids are a crucial subcategory of pharmaceutical Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs) widely used to alleviate symptoms of acid reflux, heartburn, and indigestion. These over-the-counter medications work by neutralizing excessive stomach acid, providing relief and promoting comfort.

The primary active ingredients in antacids include aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, calcium carbonate, and sodium bicarbonate. These compounds counteract the acidic pH in the stomach, forming salts and water, thereby reducing gastric acidity.

Antacids are available in various forms, such as tablets, liquids, and chewable tablets, allowing consumers to choose the most suitable administration method. The selection of an antacid is often based on factors like personal preference, effectiveness, and speed of relief.

By neutralizing stomach acid, antacids help relieve symptoms associated with gastrointestinal disorders, such as heartburn, sour stomach, and acid indigestion. Additionally, they can provide temporary relief from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and peptic ulcers.

It is important to note that antacids are primarily symptomatic treatments and do not address the underlying causes of acid-related conditions. Individuals with chronic or severe symptoms should consult healthcare professionals for a comprehensive diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

In summary, antacids play a vital role in managing and alleviating symptoms associated with excess stomach acid. Their availability in various forms and ease of use make them popular choices for individuals seeking quick relief from acid-related discomfort.

NameCAS number
Alginic acid9005-32-7
Aluminum hydroxide21645-51-2
Aluminum magnesium hydroxide39366-43-3