Anti-Thyroid Agents

Anti-thyroid agents are a category of pharmaceutical active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) used in the treatment of thyroid disorders. These agents are specifically designed to target and inhibit the production or release of thyroid hormones in the body.

One commonly used anti-thyroid agent is propylthiouracil (PTU). PTU works by interfering with the synthesis of thyroid hormones within the thyroid gland, thereby reducing their production. Another widely used anti-thyroid agent is methimazole, which also acts by inhibiting thyroid hormone synthesis. These agents are typically prescribed for individuals with hyperthyroidism, a condition characterized by an overactive thyroid gland that produces an excessive amount of thyroid hormones.

Anti-thyroid agents are available in various forms, including tablets and solutions for oral administration. The dosage and duration of treatment may vary depending on the severity of the condition and individual patient factors.

It's important to note that anti-thyroid agents should be used under the guidance and supervision of a healthcare professional, as they may have potential side effects. These can include allergic reactions, liver toxicity, and blood disorders. Regular monitoring of thyroid function and liver function is typically recommended during treatment.

In summary, anti-thyroid agents are a class of pharmaceutical APIs used in the management of thyroid disorders. They work by inhibiting the production or release of thyroid hormones and are available in different formulations for oral administration. Proper medical guidance is essential for the safe and effective use of these agents.

NameCAS number
Calcium iodate7789-80-2
Potassium Iodide7681-11-0
Sodium Iodide7681-82-5