Penbutolol API Manufacturers
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Looking for Penbutolol 38363-40-5?
- Here you will find a list of producers, manufacturers and traders of Penbutolol. You can sort by certificates such as GMP, FDA, CEP, Written Confirmation and more. Send inquiries for free and get in direct contact with the supplier of your choice.
- API | Excipient name:
- HOE 893 , HOE 893D , Levatol , Penbutolol , Penbutololum
- Cas Number:
- DrugBank number:
- Unique Ingredient Identifier:
So, what does it do? Penbutolol is a drug in the beta-blocker class used to treat hypertension. Penbutolol binds both beta-1 and beta-2 adrenergic receptors, rendering it a non-selective beta-blocker. Penbutolol can act as a partial agonist at beta adrenergic receptors, since it is a sympathomimetric drug. Penbutolol also demonstrates high binding affinity to the 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1A with antagonistic effects.
This binding characteristic of penbutolol is being investigated for its implications in Antidepressant Therapy. Penbutolol is contraindicated in patients with cardiogenic shock, sinus bradycardia, second and third degree atrioventricular conduction block, bronchial asthma, and those with known hypersensitivity.
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Penbutolol is a type of Beta blockers
Beta blockers are a subcategory of pharmaceutical Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs) widely used in the medical field. These medications work by blocking the effects of adrenaline and other stress hormones on the beta receptors in the body. This action helps to reduce the heart rate and blood pressure, making them effective in treating various cardiovascular conditions.
Beta blockers are commonly prescribed to manage conditions such as hypertension (high blood pressure), angina (chest pain), arrhythmias (irregular heart rhythms), and certain types of heart failure. They can also be used in the prevention of migraines and to alleviate symptoms associated with anxiety disorders.
By targeting the beta receptors, these APIs provide a significant impact on the sympathetic nervous system, reducing the fight-or-flight response and promoting a state of calmness. This mechanism of action allows beta blockers to be effective in controlling heart-related conditions.
Some well-known beta blockers include metoprolol, propranolol, atenolol, and carvedilol. These APIs are available in various forms such as tablets, capsules, and injectables, allowing for flexibility in administration and dosage.
It is important to note that the use of beta blockers should be done under medical supervision due to potential side effects and contraindications. Common side effects may include fatigue, dizziness, cold hands and feet, and sexual dysfunction. Patients with certain conditions like asthma or diabetes may require cautious monitoring while using beta blockers.
In conclusion, beta blockers are a vital subcategory of pharmaceutical APIs used to treat cardiovascular conditions by blocking the effects of stress hormones. Their effectiveness and versatility make them a valuable tool in managing various medical conditions, enhancing the well-being of patients.
Penbutolol (Beta blockers), classified under Antihypertensive agents
Antihypertensive agents are a crucial category of pharmaceutical active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) used to treat high blood pressure, also known as hypertension. These medications are designed to lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of associated cardiovascular complications.
Antihypertensive agents function by targeting various mechanisms involved in blood pressure regulation. Some common classes of antihypertensive agents include angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers (CCBs), and diuretics.
ACE inhibitors work by inhibiting the enzyme responsible for converting angiotensin I to angiotensin II, a hormone that constricts blood vessels. ARBs, on the other hand, block the receptors to which angiotensin II binds, thereby preventing its vasoconstrictive effects.
Beta-blockers reduce blood pressure by blocking the effects of adrenaline and noradrenaline, which are responsible for increasing heart rate and constricting blood vessels. CCBs inhibit calcium from entering the smooth muscles of blood vessels, resulting in relaxation and vasodilation. Diuretics promote the elimination of excess fluid and sodium from the body, reducing blood volume and thereby lowering blood pressure.
Antihypertensive agents are typically prescribed based on the individual patient's condition and specific needs. They can be used alone or in combination to achieve optimal blood pressure control. It is important to note that antihypertensive agents should be taken regularly as prescribed by a healthcare professional and may require periodic monitoring to ensure their effectiveness and manage any potential side effects.
In summary, antihypertensive agents play a vital role in the management of hypertension by targeting various mechanisms involved in blood pressure regulation. These medications offer significant benefits in reducing the risk of cardiovascular complications associated with high blood pressure.
Penbutolol manufacturers | traders | suppliers
We have 1 companies offering Penbutolol from 1 different countries.
Get in contact with the supplier of your choice:
- Fine Chemicals from South Africa
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